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Author Topic: Thai Reading Rules - Irregular, Exceptions and Special Cases  (Read 1306 times)

Offline chaos_pk

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Thai Reading Rules - Irregular, Exceptions and Special Cases
« on: August 01, 2015, 07:23:34 AM »
this is a useful cheat sheet for reading/writing
http://markhollow.com/m/thaivocab/ThaiReadingWritingSummary.pdf

would like to share some example as these are less commonly talked about
and not easy to google for.

Rule 1. ทร (tor ror) is pronounced as ซ (sor)

example:
ทราบ sap - [to] know ; understand ; realize

Rule 2. จร (jor ror) is pronounced as จ (jor). i.e. the ร (ror) is silent

example:
จริง jing - really ; truly

Rule 3. สร (sor ror) is pronounced as ส (sor). i.e. the ร (ror) is silent

example:
เสร็จ st - [to] finish ; complete ; succeed

Rule 4. ศร (sor ror) is pronounced as ส (sor). i.e. the ร (ror) is silent

example:
เศร้า so - sadly ; regretfully

Rule 5. Two รร together is called "ror han" which makes the sound "an" อัน

example:
บรร ยา กาศ ban-yaa-gat - atmosphere
บรร ดา ban-daa - all ; whole ; totality
บรร ยาย ban-yaai - [to] describe ; narrate ; lecture

Rule 6. Two consonants with no written vowel have an implied โ-ะ (o)

example:
ผม pŏm - I ; me (used by men only)
บน bon - on ; upon ; above
พร pon - blessing ; benediction ; favour

Rule 7. Multi-syllable words often have unwritten linker syllable (consisting of final consonant of first syllable with an implied -ะ (a) vowel)

example:
ผลไม้ pŏn-l-mai - fruit
ธรรมดา tam-m-daa - [to be] ordinary ; common ; usual
ปกติ bpk-g-dt - [to be] normal ; ordinary

Rule 8. When you see 3 consonants in a word, it's likely that -ะ (a) vowel must be added after the first consonant.

example:
สมุด s-mt - book ; workbook ; notebook
สนุก s-nk - [to be] fun ; enjoyable
ตลอด dt-lt - throughout ; during (the whole... , the entire...)
ตลาด dt-lat - market
« Last Edit: August 01, 2015, 07:39:14 AM by chaos_pk »

Offline Wind in my breath

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Re: Thai Reading Rules - Irregular, Exceptions and Special Cases
« Reply #1 on: August 01, 2015, 07:43:45 AM »
Thanks for the useful compilation of rules, Bro chaos_pk. Good to know for those starting to learn the Thai language and also a good refresher for those who have learnt it but have forgotten (like me). :P
Not interested in TDs. Do not jio.

 


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